Searching in the data¶
|Search for records||Query||Example (based on ods-api-monitoring dataset)|
|containing a value||value||
returns every record containing the string explore
|containing a value in a specific field||id_field:value||
returns every record containing the string explore in the column named action
|containing several values||value1 AND value2||
returns every record containing both explore and search
|containing at least one of the values||value1 OR value2||
returns every record containing either explore or search
|not containing a value||NOT value||
returns every record which does not contain the string anonymous
|containing an exact value in a field||#exact(id_field,"value")||
returns every record containing the exact string anonymous in the column named user_id
|if a field is empty||#null(id_field)||
returns every record which has no value in the column named referer
|containing a value that starts with the specified string, in the specified field||#startswith(id_field,"string")||
returns every record containing a value that starts with
|where a date's field is anterior to a value||id_date_field<=YYYY/MM/DD||
returns every record with a timestamp prior and equal to September 2016
|where a date's field is the current date minus a period||id_date_field>#now(days=-value)||
returns every record with a timestamp equal to the current day minus 7 days
|containing a geo field located in a specific area||
for a circular area:
for a polygon or square area:
returns every record located at 1 km from the center of Paris
returns every record located into the polygon
Query Language and Geo Filtering¶
The Opendatasoft query language makes it possible to express complex boolean conditions as a filtering context.
The query language accepts full-text queries.
If a given word or compound is surrounded with double quotes, only exact matches are returned (modulo an accent and case insensitive match).
filmreturns results that contain film, films, filmography...
"film"only returns the ones containing exactly film.
The query language supports the following Boolean operators
Parenthesis can be used to group together expressions and alter the default priority model:
film OR trees
(film OR trees) AND paris
One of the major features of the query language is to allow per field filtering. You can use field names as a prefix to your queries to filter the results based on a specific field's value.
For dataset search in the catalog, the list of available fields corresponds exactly to available metadata. By default:
|publisher||The dataset publisher|
|title||The dataset title|
|description||The dataset description|
|license||The dataset license|
|records_count||The number of records in the dataset|
|modified||The last modification date of the dataset|
|language||The language of the dataset (iso code)|
|theme||The theme of the dataset|
|keyword||A keyword describing the dataset|
|references||The references for the dataset|
The domain administrator might define a richer metadata template, thus giving access to a richer set of filtering fields.
For record search in a dataset, the list of available fields depends on the schema of the dataset. To fetch the list of available fields for a given dataset, you may use the search dataset or lookup dataset APIs.
Multiple operator fields can be used between the field name and the query:
==: Return results whose field exactly matches the given value (granted the fields are of text or numeric type)
<=: Return results whose field values are larger, smaller, larger or equal, smaller or equal to the given value (granted the field is of date or numeric type).
[start_date TO end_date]: Queries Records whose date is between
Date formats can be specified in different formats: simple (
YYYY[[/mm]/dd]) or ISO 8601 (
film_date >= 2002
film_date >= 2013/02/11
film_date: [1950 TO 2000]
film_box_office > 10000 AND film_date < 1965
Query language functions¶
Advanced functions can be used in the query language. Function names need to be prefixed with a sharp (
|now||Returns the current date. This function may be called as a query value for a field. When called without an
argument, it will evaluate to the current datetime:
|null||This function may be called specifying a field name as a parameter. It returns the hits for which no value is
defined for the specified field. For example
|exact||This function makes it possible to search for records with a field exactly matching a given value. For example,
|attr||This function makes it possible to search for records with a field matching a value in the querying user's SAML
attributes. For example,
Available parameters for the ``#now`` function:
years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds, microseconds: These parameters add time to the current date.
#now(years=-1, hours=-1)returns the current date minus a year and an hour.
year, month, day, hour, minute, second, microsecond: can also be used to specify an absolute date.
#now(year=2001)returns the current time, day, and month for the year 2001.
weekday: Specifies a day of the week. This parameter accepts either an integer between 0 and 6 (where 0 is Monday and 6 is Sunday) or the first two letters of the day (in English) followed by the cardinal of the first week on which to start the query.
#now(weeks=-2, weekday=1)returns the Tuesday before last.
#now(weekday=MO(2))returns Monday after next.
Records search accept geofilter parameters to filter in records that are located in a specific geographical area.
The following parameters may be used.
Limits the result set to a geographical area defined by a circle (coordinates of the center of the circle
expressed in WGS84 and distance expressed in meters): latitude,longitude,distance:
This query parameter is equivalent to the
|geofilter.polygon||Limits the result set to a geographical area defined by a polygon (coordinates of the points expressed in WGS84
as in (lat1,lon1),(lat2,lon2),(lat3,lon3):